hroughout the world, with a history of more than 2,000 years. In 2006, the traditional festival was listed as part of China’s
national intangible cultural heritage. In 2008, it was recognized as a public holiday in the Chinese mainland.
The Dragon Boat Festival commemorates the death of Qu Yuan, a Chu state
official and poet who lived during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) before the reu
nification of China under the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). He was exiled after opposing his king’s decision to ally wit
h the neighboring state of Qin, and when Chu was finally conquered by Qin, he
committed suicide by drowning in the Miluo River on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month.
The Chu people, who admired Qu Yuan for his loyalty and integrity, th
rew rice dumplings into the river to feed the fish so they would not eat the body of their po
et hero. People then started dragon boat racing to scare off the fish.
Since then, the fifth day of the fifth month on the lunar calendar is cel
brated as the Dragon Boat Festival. The following are some customs for the festival.
various social conflicts, and said efforts must be made to address legitimate and lawful concerns to safeguard public int
erests, and also guide the public in voicing their concerns in a law-based manner to maintain social order.
Strong pressure must be maintained to crack down on crimes such as organized gang activity, violent and terroristic cri
mes, as well as those related to fraud, robbery, food and drug safety, and environmental protection, Xi said.
Calling social fairness and justice a lifeline for judicial and law enforcement work, Xi called for improving the mec
hanism of the use of power in law enforcement as well as the supervision over such powers.
Efforts should be made to help the public feel fairness and justice in every case, Xi said.
He also urged public security staff to improve their work so that human rights can be guarant
eed while crime is fought, and fairness can be ensured while efficiency of law enforcement is pursued.