d in demographi上海后花园女神会所c turnaround. It took just 46 years－from 1949 to 1995－to lift its people’
s average life expectancy from 40 years to 70.8 years, an accomplishment all the more admirable because China is still a de
veloping economy. As such, China has set a fine example for human development.
As a leading developing country, China has notably closed the gap with developed countries in terms of people’s life
expectancy and health. In fact, by 2015, Chinese people’s average life expectancy at birth had increased to 76.34 years.
Compared with the mortality rate, however, the changes in China’s fertility rate have been astoundingly rapid. China became a low fertility country toward the end
of last century with its total fertility rate dropping below the replacement the level in 1992 from 5.81, about 2.8 times of rep
lacement level, in 1970. China has had a fertility rate of about 1.6, equivalent to developed countries’ average, for quite a while.
n hands with auth上海后花园品茶微信orities that oversee the relevant industries, local governments, r
esearch institutes and NGOs to promote the work and establish monitoring standards and method systems,” Jiang said.
An action plan will be drafted and, in the following two to three years, the ministry will cooperate with major
participants in the oil exploration, refining and retailing sectors to draft efficient policies and measures, he said.
He also said joint campaigns with major coal producing regions will be launched to reduce emissi
ons in coal mining. The emissions in agriculture and solid waste disposal sectors will also be targeted.
According to Xu Huaqing, director-general of the National C
enter for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, about 55.3 milli
on metric tons of methane were emitted in China in 2014, the equivalent of 1.1 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide.